Kinship "Foster" Carers
 A place for those who care
 
INFORMAL ARRANGEMENTS INCLUDING PRIVATE FOSTERING 
CHILDREN ON EMERGENCY PROTECTION ORDER (EPO) AND/OR CARE ORDER (CO)
CHILDREN ACCOMMODATED BY THE LOCAL AUTHORITY 
CHILD ARRANGEMENTS ORDER (CAO) (previously RESIDENCE ORDER (RO) )
SPECIAL GUARDIANSHIP ORDER (SGO)
ADOPTION 
GUARDIANSHIP 
WHO HAS PARENTAL RESPONSIBILITY? (PR) 
Mother, father or anyone else who has acquired Parental Responsibility (PR) through the Courts or agreement with the parents 
The Local Authority (LA), mothers, father or anyone else who has acquired PR through the Courts.  The PR may be shared with the LA.
Mother, father or anyone else who has acquired PR through the Courts or agreement with the parents
Carers who have gained a CAO through the Courts  The Order may have been done with the agreement of the parents. This may be shared with the mother, father and/or anyone else who may have PR.
Carers with an SGO have almost total PR.  The only exceptions where birth parents would need to be consulted would be major decisions such as adoption, change of religion and/or moving abroad for more than 3 months.
Adopters and anyone else who has acquired PR through the Courts or agreement with the adoptive parents 
Guardians (and anyone else who has acquired PR through the Courts) 
WHO CAN MAKE DECISIONS ON BEHALF OF THE CHILD? 
Carer can make day to day decisions but only those with PR can make important decisions eg: consent to medical treatment, leaving the UK, etc. 
Carers can make day to day decisions.  However, important decisions such as taking a child abroad must be done in conjunction with the LA.  A carer would need an Order to allow permission for medical treatment, etc.
Carer can make day to day decisions about the child's care in consultation with LA but only those with PR can consent to medical treatment, leaving the UK, etc.
Carers with a CAO can make decisions on behalf of the child.  As there may be shared PR with this Order, the other party would have to be consulted on major decisions such as medical treatment, religion, etc.
Carers with an SGO can make all decisions without consulting other parties apart from major decisions such as adoption, change of religion or moving abroad for more than 3 months.
Adoptive parents and anyone else who has acquired PR through the Courts or agreement with adoptive parents. 
Guardians 
CAN THE CHILD BE REMOVED FROM MY CARE? 
Yes by person with PR    
Yes by LA 
Yes by person with PR 
No unless CAO revoked or LA has EPO or CO 
No unless SGO revoked or LA has EPO or CO 
No unless LA has EPO or CO 
No unless LA has EPO or CO 
CAN I TAKE THE CHILD OUT OF THE UK? 
Only with consent of all those with PR, or leave of Court 
Only with the consent of all parties who have PR and only up to one month unless you have permission of the Court.
Only with consent of all those with PR or leave of Court 
Yes, for up to one month otherwise consent from all parties who share PR would have to be obtained or granted leave by the Court.
Yes, for up to three months otherwise consent from all parties who share PR would have to be obtained or granted leave by the Court.
Yes 
Yes but consent of anyone else with PR is required 
CAN I APPOINT A GUARDIAN? 
Parents/carers with PR can appoint a guardian - see rules for when appointment takes effect 
Parents/carers with PR can appoint a guardian - see rules for when appointment takes effect
Parents/carers with PR can appoint a guardian - see rules for when appointment takes effect
A carer with a CAO has no legal right to appoint a guardian as PR is usually shared.  The parents (if they share PR) are allowed to appoint a guardian.  Advice would need to be taken as to when this could take place.
Carers with an SGO are entitled to appoint a guardian as they have almost total PR.  Advice would need to be taken.
Adoptive parents with PR can appoint a guardian - see rules for when appointment takes effect 
Parents/guardians with PR can appoint a guardian - see rules for when appointment takes effect
CAN THE ORDER BE REVOKED 
N/A 
Yes on application to the Court 
N/A 
Yes - parents and others with PR have a right to apply to revoke the Order 
Yes but parents need Leave to apply to revoke the Order - only granted if there is significant change of circumstance 
No - it is irrevocable 
Yes by Court Order 
AM I ENTITLED TO SUPPORT 
Discretionary support under Section 17 subject to assessment 
Fostering allwance payable to LA foster carers 
Fostering allowance payable to LA foster carers 
Discretionary support under Section 17 and allowance (previously ROA) subject to assessment 
Discretionary support under SG support services, subject to assessment - entitlement to assessment for SGs child and parents 
Discretionary support under adoption support services, subject to assessment - entitlement to assessment for adopters, child and birth parents 
Discretionary support under Section 17 subject to assessment. 
A Comparison of Different Legal Options courtesy of Family Rights Group
 
 
Below are a couple of links relating to SGO which may prove useful if you hold, going through, or thinking of an SGO